Emergence of caste system in Indiia

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Article 15 of the Indian constitution prohibits the discrimination against any citizen on grounds only of caste, religion, sex, race and place of birth, the reason behind introduction of these provision were to break the tradition of caste system and to equalise the society.

Yuvraj Narayan Das

Guwahati, 12th October,2019

Article 15 of the Indian constitution prohibits the discrimination against any citizen on grounds only of caste, religion, sex, race and place of birth, the reason behind introduction of these provision were to break the tradition of caste system and to equalise the society.

In the pre-Independent India one section always seemed inferior to other section of the society. However that was the result of thousand years old tradition of classification of people on the basis of occupation.

It’s hard to trace back the origin of the caste system of india. It is believed to have originated more than 2000 years ago.

There are four primary castes in Hinduism, namely, The Brahmin, The Kshatriya, The Vaishya, The Shudra and those who are born out of the system are considered to be the “Untouchables” or the Dalits. The class system dominated three activities namely marriage,meals and religious worship.

The Untouchables till date are considered so impure that contamination with any caste member leads the member to bathe and wash their cloths immediately.

The caste system with time became hereditary but the “Rig Veda” which dates around 1700-1100 BCE rarely mentions caste discrimination clearly suggesting social mobility in its time.

Article 15 of the Indian Constitution of India, 1950 (Draft article 9) Which is a extension of article 14, which is the fundamental right for “Right To Equality” but today’s scenario narrates the opposite. Is it not illegal to still discriminate and torture those people even after our constitution prohibits it?

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